Although mosquito bites are not typically painful, they can quickly become unbearable as the insect’s saliva enters your bloodstream and triggers the itchy sensation that infamously represents how we think of mosquito bites. Reactions vary from person to person and can become more severe if the person is allergic; however, they are typically not a problem unless that mosquito is carrying a virus.
A big part of treating mosquito bites is relieving the itch– scratching your bite spreads the infection and can have unintended consequences. Instead, use hydrocortisone cream or calamine lotion on the affected area. These creams will help with swelling and draw out any excess liquid causing the reaction to relieve the itching. If you do not have hydrocortisone cream or calamine lotion, use a baking soda paste (baking soda and water). It has an alkaline pH balance that will provide a similar effect.
Complications are not common with mosquito bites. The most frequent problem is an infection due to over-scratching the bite. If this happens, wash the bite with soap and water. Keep antibacterial ointment and relief cream applied and cover the affected area so you cannot scratch it.
The less common but much more severe complication comes from the pathogens you can contract from mosquitos. Although not everyone with a mosquito-borne pathogen gets sick, they can still spread the disease. Therefore, you must monitor your health after getting bitten. If you start experiencing cold-like symptoms, you should see a doctor.